to use Sysprep with Ghost
This document describes how to use Microsoft's System Preparation
tool (Sysprep) on a Windows 2000 computer to change the computer's
Sysprep prepares a computer for cloning (imaging) and customization.
When you restart a computer after using Sysprep, Windows 2000 detects
the attached devices such as the hard disk and CD-ROM. That is, Sysprep
indicates to Windows that Windows must rebuild its Plug-and-Play driver
database the next time Windows is started.
- Windows NT: Because Windows NT does not support Plug-and-Play,
do not use Sysprep with Ghost to create an image of a Windows NT
- Windows XP: If creating an image of a Windows XP installation,
use the Windows XP version of Sysprep (found on the Windows XP CD),
rather than the Windows 2000 version. There are two versions of
Sysprep for Windows XP:
- Windows XP without Service Pack 1 installed: Version 5.1.2600
on Windows XP installation CD.
- Windows XP with Service Pack 1: Version 5.1.2600.1106.
- Differing hardware:The operating system affects how well a cloning
operation will work when cloning between computers that have different
hardware. For more information about these hardware differences
and about using Ghost to rollout Windows NT, Windows 2000, and Windows
XP installations, see the documents Introduction
to cloning a Windows NT, Windows 2000, or Windows XP computer,
to clone a Windows NT or Windows 2000 workstation and
to change the SID on a Windows XP, Windows 2000, or Windows NT computer.
How to use Sysprep with Ghost to create an image of
a Windows 2000 or Windows XP installation
Follow these steps to use Sysprep for Windows 2000 or Windows XP to
create a Ghost image of the installation and roll the image out to other
versions of Ghost include Norton Ghost 2000, Norton Ghost 2001, Norton
Ghost 2002, and Norton Ghost 2003. Note the following:
- Norton Ghost 2002 and earlier do not include the features Ghost
Console, Ghost Multicast, and Ghost Walker. Instead, use the file
Ghostpe.exe to create and restore image files.
- Norton Ghost 2003 does not include Ghost Console and Ghost Multicast,
but does include Ghost Walker. Note that the executable file for
Norton Ghost 2003 is Ghost.exe, and not Ghostpe.exe.
- The model computer, as it is referred to in the following instructions,
is the source computer. This is the computer that you want to create
an image of.
- The client computer, as it is referred to in the following instructions,
is the destination computer. This is the computer that you want
to overwrite with the image.
- The Ghost client is a feature that is available only in the enterprise
Ghost versions. It is used only with the Ghost Console. The consumer
Ghost versions do not require a Ghost client.
- Prepare Sysprep. See the section "Creating Sysprep configurations."
- If you want to use the Ghost Multicast Server to pull the
image from the model computer before rolling that image out
with the Ghost Console, continue with Step 2.
- If you want to use the Ghost Console to pull the image from
the model computer before rolling that image out with the Ghost
Console, and you are using Symantec Ghost 7.5 or 8.0, prepare
the model computer as in Step 2, and then configure an Image
Dump Task to run Sysprep automatically. See the section "Configuring
Ghost 7.5 or 8.0 to run Sysprep."
- Prepare the model computer:
- Log on to the model computer with a user account that is a
member of the local Administrator security group but is not
the Administrator account. Do the following:
- Install and configure applications on the model computer.
- If the client computers have devices that the model computer
does not have, add the driver files for those devices to
the hard disk. When you add driver files for devices that
will be attached to the client computers, such as network
interface cards or hard drives that are not on the model
computer, then the operating system on the client computer
will configure itself automatically to the new hardware
- Do not install the Ghost Client. Note that only the enterprise
Ghost versions use the Ghost Client. These include Symantec
Ghost 8.0, Symantec Ghost 7.5, Symantec Ghost 7.0, and Norton
- Log on to the model computer with the Administrator account.
Do the following:
- Copy the contents of the user profile folder that is for
the user account you used in Step 1 to the Default Users
- Remove configuration information that is not applicable
to the target computers, such as mapped drives, event logs,
and so on.
- Install the Ghost Client. Skip this step if you are using
a consumer version of Ghost. Only the enterprise Ghost versions
use the Ghost Client. These include Symantec Ghost 8.0,
Symantec Ghost 7.5, Symantec Ghost 7.0, and Norton Ghost
- Remove the computer from the domain. Skip this step if
the computer is not a member of a Windows domain. Stand-alone
computers (that is, computers that are not connected to
a network) are not members of a Windows domain.
- If using Symantec Ghost 7.0 or earlier, or Norton Ghost 2003
or earlier, log on to the computer with the Administrator account
and then run Sysprep. After running Sysprep, do not restart
the computer into Windows. Restarting the computer into Windows
at this time causes Windows to rebuild its Plug-and-Play database
on the model computer instead of on the client computer.
- If using Symantec Ghost 7.5 or 8.0 and the Ghost Multicast
Server to create the image file before rolling it out, perform
step 2.C and then continue with Step 3.
- If using Symantec Ghost 7.5 or 8.0 and the Ghost Console to
create the image file before rolling it out, do not run Sysprep.
Instead, continue with the instructions in the section "Configuring
Ghost 7.5 or 8.0 to run Sysprep."
- Create an image of the model computer.
- If using Norton Ghost 2003 or earlier, start the computer
from a Ghost bootable floppy disk, and then create the image
file. Note that you cannot run Norton Ghost 2003 from the Ghost
Basic and Backup options because the computer is shut down.
Restarting the computer into Windows at this time (to use the
Ghost Basic and Backup options) would cause Windows to rebuild
its Plug-and-Play database on the model computer instead of
on the client computer. To use these options rather than starting
the computer from a bootable floppy disk, run Sysprep in step
2.D with the switch -noreboot. This switch prevents Sysprep
from shutting down the computer. For more information on this
switch, consult your Sysprep documentation.
- If using Symantec Ghost 8.0 or earlier:
- Restart the model computer from a Ghost Network Boot Disk
(also known as a Ghost Multicast Boot Disk).
- Use Ghost Multicast Server to create an image file of
the model computer.
- Roll out the image to the client computers.
- If you use Ghost Console to roll out the image, create a new
Task. Do not check the SID Change option in the Task.
- If you use Ghost Multicast Server to roll out the image, do
not use Ghost Walker after rolling out the image.
- If you use Norton Ghost 2003, use Ghost.exe to write the image
to the destination computer.
- If you use Norton Ghost 2002 or earlier, use Ghostpe.exe to
write the image to the destination computer.
- Restart the computers. Windows 2000 Professional and Windows XP
will detect the hardware, install the new drivers as appropriate,
and assign new SIDs.
Creating Sysprep configurations
Running Sysprep correctly prevents problems restoring the image file.
Sysprep has several options for configuring the computer, such as whether
to have Sysprep automatically change the name of the computer or to
have Sysprep change the Security Identification number (SID) of the
computer. Each set of options is a separate Sysprep configuration.
Note: Symantec provides the following information as an aid to
using Sysprep. This information is a suggestion only and is not intended
to replace information from Microsoft.
To create a new Sysprep configuration:
- Create a new folder. This folder will contain the Sysprep files.
Ghost 7.5 and later does not require this folder to be on the root
of the C drive. If you run Sysprep manually, Windows might require
this folder to be on the root of the C drive.
- Follow the Microsoft instructions for creating a Sysprep.inf file
and copy that file into the new folder. The options available for
configuring Sysprep.inf depend on the version of Windows with which
you will use Sysprep.inf file.
- Copy the Sysprep files into the new folder. For an image of a
Windows 2000 installation, use Sysprep version 1.1 or later for
Windows 2000. For an image of a Windows XP installation, use a version
of Sysprep that is for Windows XP (found on the Windows XP CD).
Note: To configure Sysprep to assign a computer name that you
specify or to randomly assign a computer name, edit the ComputerName
entry in the file Sysprep.inf. For details, see the document Microsoft
Windows 2000 Guide to Unattended Setup.
For information on configuring a Sysprep.inf file, consult your Microsoft
documentation, search for information on the Microsoft Web site, or
see the following documents: